Albion is a village in Orleans County, New York, United States. The population was 6,056 at the 2010 census. The village is centrally located in the county, the village is partly within the towns of both Albion and Gaines. It is the county seat of Orleans County and is about 30 miles (48 km) west/northwest of the City of Rochester. It is part of the Rochester Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Albion is located at 43°14′49″N 78°11′28″W / 43.24694°N 78.19111°W / 43.24694; -78.19111 (43.247211, -78.191264).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km), all land.
The Erie Canal passes through the community.
Albion is the site of the junction of east-west highway NYS Route 31 (East Avenue and West Avenue) and north-south highway NYS Route 98 (Main Street). NYS Route 279 joins NY-98 immediately north of Albion.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,438 people, 2,307 households, and 1,444 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,501.8 people per square mile (966.9/km). There were 2,566 housing units at an average density of 863.1 per square mile (333.6/km). The racial makeup of the village was 73.88% White, 18.20% African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.99% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.32% of the population.
There were 2,307 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 37.3% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 141.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 150.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $30,010, and the median income for a family was $34,881. Males had a median income of $31,660 versus $22,157 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,531. About 13.0% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.