Alfred is a town in Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 5,237 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.6 square miles (81.8 km²), of which, 31.5 square miles (81.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.19%) is water.
New York State Route 244 passes across the town and terminates at New York State Route 21 near Alfred Station. County roads 10, 11, 12 and 42 pass through the Town of Alfred.
There is a small stream known as Canacadea Creek, that flows throughout the year from south to north. This stream flows to the Canisteo River which is a tributary to the Susquehanna River watershed. The topography is steep hill country as it is part of the Allegheny Plateau, being the northern part of the Appalachian Mountain chain.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,140 people, 996 households, and 468 families residing in the town. The population density was 163.0 people per square mile (62.9/km²). There were 1,134 housing units at an average density of 36.0 per square mile (13.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.79% White, 3.46% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.
There were 996 households out of which 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 8.3% under the age of 18, 66.8% from 18 to 24, 9.7% from 25 to 44, 10.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there were 135.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,067, and the median income for a family was $57,159. Males had a median income of $28,667 versus $29,821 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,785. About 2.4% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.