Amity is a town in Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 2,308 at the 2010 census. The name of the town means “friendship.”
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.6 square miles (90 km), of which, 34.5 square miles (89 km) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it (0.23%) is water.
The Genesee River flows northward through the town. The Southern Tier Expressway (New York State Route 17/Interstate 86) passes through the northwest corner of the town, north of Belvidere. New York State Route 19 and New York State Route 244 intersect at Belmont.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,245 people, 885 households, and 601 families residing in the town. The population density was 65.0 people per square mile (25.1/km²). There were 1,120 housing units at an average density of 32.4 per square mile (12.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.68% White, 0.76% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.
There were 885 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,153, and the median income for a family was $40,387. Males had a median income of $31,394 versus $21,065 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,304. About 7.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.