Ancram is a town in Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 1,573 at the 2010 census. The town was named after Ancram (now Ancrum), Scotland.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.7 square miles (110.7 km), of which 42.5 square miles (110.0 km) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.7 km), or 0.61%, is water. Most of the town is drained by the Roeliff Jansen Kill and its tributary, Punch Brook. The Roeliff Jansen Kill flows west to the Hudson River. The southeast corner of the town drains to Webatuck Creek, which flows south to the Ten Mile River and thence to the Housatonic River in Connecticut.
The east town line is the border of Massachusetts and Dutchess County, New York. The south town line also borders Dutchess County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,513 people, 595 households, and 430 families residing in the town. The population density was 35.5 people per square mile (13.7/km²). There were 823 housing units at an average density of 19.3 per square mile (7.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.69% White, 1.06% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.
There were 595 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $45,726, and the median income for a family was $47,708. Males had a median income of $31,196 versus $25,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,541. About 5.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.