Ashford is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 2,132 at the 2010 census. The town is on the county’s northern border.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.9 square miles (134.4 km), of which 51.7 square miles (134.0 km) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km), or 0.32%, is water.
The north boundary is formed by Cattaraugus Creek, and the north town line is the border of Erie County.
New York State Route 240, a north-south route in the eastern part of the town, links the town to the suburbs of Buffalo, as does U.S. Route 219 in the western part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,223 people, 857 households, and 634 families residing in the town. The population density was 43.3 people per square mile (16.7/km²). There were 1,023 housing units at an average density of 19.9 per square mile (7.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.99% White, 1.53% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.
There were 857 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,313, and the median income for a family was $44,509. Males had a median income of $32,392 versus $21,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,136. About 4.0% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.