Ashland is a town in Greene County, New York, United States. The population was 784 at the 2010 census. Ashland is in the northwest part of the county.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.0 square miles (67 km), all of it land.
The town is at the north border of the Catskill Park. The north town line is the border of Schoharie County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 752 people, 304 households, and 214 families residing in the town. The population density was 29.0 people per square mile (11.2/km²). There were 603 housing units at an average density of 23.2 per square mile (9.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.21% White, 0.53% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.93% of the population.
There were 304 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,357, and the median income for a family was $42,031. Males had a median income of $34,750 versus $28,125 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,029. About 9.8% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.2% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.