Berlin /ˈbɜːrlɪn/ is a town in Rensselaer County, New York, United States. The population was 1,880 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Berlin in Germany, although natives pronounce the name differently, with the accent on the first syllable.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.9 square miles (155 km), of which, 59.7 square miles (155 km) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km) of it (0.45%) is water.
The highest point is Berlin Mountain, 2,818 feet (859 m) above sea level, near the Massachusetts border in the Taconic Mountains. The Taconic Mountains form a barrier in the eastern part of the town so that no existing road connects the town to Massachusetts. The western portion of the town is part of the Rensselaer Plateau.
The east town line is the border of Massachusetts.
Berlin is home to the source of the Poesten Kill, which begins at Dyken Pond, in the northwest corner of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,901 people, 729 households, and 500 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.9 inhabitants per square mile (12.3/km). There were 1,034 housing units at an average density of 17.3 per square mile (6.7/km). The racial makeup of the town was 98.42% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.32% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.00% of the population.
There were 729 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,875, and the median income for a family was $42,464. Males had a median income of $30,500 versus $26,088 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,733. About 9.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.