Boonville is a town in Oneida County, New York, USA. The town is in the northeast of the county. The population was 4,555 at the 2010 census. The town includes a village, also called Boonville. The town and village are named after Gerrit Boon, an agent of the Holland Land Company. The current mayor is Eric McIntyre.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 72.6 square miles (188.0 km²), of which, 71.9 square miles (186.2 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it (0.95%) is water.
The north town line is the border of Lewis County, and the east town line is the Black River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,572 people, 1,781 households, and 1,209 families residing in the town. The population density was 63.6 people per square mile (24.5/km²). There were 2,138 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile (11.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.21% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population.
There were 1,781 households of which 31.3% had children under 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size 2.98.
In the town, the population was 24.5% under 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% age 65 or older. The median age was 39. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
The median income for a household was $36,744, and the median for a family $40,845. Males had a median income of $30,992 versus $21,362 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,704. About 8.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under 18 and 9.9% of those 65 or over.