Brunswick is a town in Rensselaer County, New York, in the United States. The municipality was originally settled in the early 18th century. During its history, it had been part of Albany County, Rensselaerswyck, and Troy, before its incorporation in 1807. It is bordered on the west by the city of Troy; on the north by Schaghticoke and Pittstown; on the east by Grafton; and on the south by Poestenkill and North Greenbush. The population was 11,941 at the 2010 census. The source of the town’s name is not certain, though some claim it comes from the source of its first inhabitants from the province of Brunswick-Lüneburg in Germany.
The town has gently rolling hills, which increase to the East, and some ridges of the Petersburg range are visible to the East. The most conspicuous height in Brunswick is Bald Mountain, also called Mount Rafinesque, which has a commanding view down the Hudson Valley. Bald Mountain also has television and radio broadcast towers.
The Poesten Kill winds across Brunswick, and empties into the Hudson in Troy. Its descent in Troy was the site of important water power.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.6 square miles (116 km), of which, 44.5 square miles (115 km) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it (0.25%) is water.
As of the 2000 census, there were 11,664 people, 4,613 households, and 3,266 families residing in the town. The population density was 261.9 people per square mile (101.1/km²). There were 4,808 housing units at an average density of 108.0 per square mile (41.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.38% White, 0.90% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.
There were 4,613 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $56,528, and the median income for a family was $66,374. Males had a median income of $43,093 versus $31,995 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,554. About 3.1% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over.
Brunswick New York neighborhoods include: Albia, Bloomingrove Dr, Brunswick, Burden Pond, Corliss Park, Downtown Troy, East Side, Emerald Greens, Frear Park – 25th St, Frear Park – Sausse Ave, Grandview, Griswold Heights, Highpoint – Red Rocks, Hudson Valley, Just An, Lansing, Liberty Road, Little Italy – Ida Street, Mason Circle – Madison Ave, Miami Beach Estates, Morrison Avenues, North Lake Ave – Liberty Rd, Old Mill Hill – Northern, Pleasantdale, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Riverside, South Lake Ave – Tibbits Ave, South Troy, Sycaway North, Tibbets Ave – Congress St, Top of The Hill, Tybush Mountain, Wynantskill Way