Brushton is a village in Franklin County, New York, United States. The population was 474 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Henry Brush, a land owner.
Brushton is located in the eastern part of the town of Moira at 44°49′51″N 74°30′52″W / 44.83083°N 74.51444°W / 44.83083; -74.51444 (44.830736, -74.514341), in northwestern Franklin County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.28 square miles (0.72 km), all of it land.
Brushton is located on U.S. Route 11 (Washington Street) at the junction of County Road 8 (Fay-Brushton Road/Farm-To-Market Rd.). On US-11, the community of Moira is 2 miles (3 km) to the west, and North Bangor is 5.5 miles (8.9 km) to the east. Malone is 11 miles (18 km) to the east on US-11.
The Little Salmon River flows northward through the village. Via the Salmon River, its water flows to the St. Lawrence River just across the Canada–US border in Quebec.
As of the census of 2000, there were 479 people, 213 households, and 119 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,727.2 people per square mile (660.5/km²). There were 250 housing units at an average density of 901.4 per square mile (344.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.33% White, 0.42% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.42% Asian, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population. This works out to be 471 Whites, two African Americans, one Native American, two Asians, and six Hispanics or Latinos.
There were 213 households out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.7% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the village, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $18,750, and the median income for a family was $29,722. Males had a median income of $29,219 versus $17,292 for females. The per capita income for the village was $13,674. About 13.4% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.