Burke is a town in Franklin County, New York, United States. The population was 1,465 at the 2010 census. The town is in the northeastern part of the county, northeast of Malone, the county seat.
Burke is located in northeastern Franklin County. The north town line is Canada–United States border, with the province of Quebec to the north. Neighboring New York towns are Constable to the west, Malone to the southwest, Bellmont to the south, and Chateaugay to the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.4 square miles (115.0 km), all land.
U.S. Route 11 is an important east-west highway across the central part of the town.
The Little Trout River flows from southeast to northwest past several communities in the town. It is part of the Trout River watershed, which flows north to the Chateauguay River in Quebec and ultimately the St. Lawrence River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,359 people, 483 households, and 364 families residing in the town. The population density was 30.6 people per square mile (11.8/km²). There were 542 housing units at an average density of 12.2 per square mile (4.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.20% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.37% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.
There were 483 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,318, and the median income for a family was $36,477. Males had a median income of $28,295 versus $22,679 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,434. About 12.6% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 21.9% of those age 65 or over.