Cameron is a town in Steuben County, New York, United States. The population is 932 as of the 2017 census. The town is named after Dugald Cameron, an early settler and land agent of the Pulteney Estate.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.8 square miles (121 km), of which, 46.7 square miles (121 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) (0.04%) is water.
The Canisteo River flows through the town. Route 119 parallels the river.
At the 2000 census, there were 1,034 people, 359 households and 266 families residing in the town. The population density was 22.1 per square mile (8.5/km²). There were 450 housing units at an average density of 9.6 per square mile (3.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.07% White, 0.10% African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.10% Asian, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.
There were 359 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.20.
28.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.2 males.
The median household income was $32,083 and the median family income was $37,411. Males had a median income of $27,440 and females $21,989. The per capita income was $15,455. About 16.5% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.
The population in 1890 was 1,522.