Carrollton is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 1,297 at the 2010 census. The name comes from an early settler.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.34 square miles (109.66 km), of which 42.30 square miles (109.55 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.11 km), or 0.14%, is water.
The Allegheny River flows through the northern portion of the town, from southeast to northwest. Tunungwant Creek (also known as “Tuna Creek” for short) flows south to north through the middle of the town, joining with the Allegheny near Riverside Junction. The south town line is the border of McKean County, Pennsylvania.
The Southern Tier Expressway (combined Interstate 86 and New York State Route 17) cross the north part of the town, and U.S. Route 219 passes north-south through the town, joining New York State Route 417 north of the Allegheny River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,410 people, 553 households, and 383 families residing in the town. The population density was 33.3 people per square mile (12.9/km²). There were 639 housing units at an average density of 15.1 per square mile (5.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.82% White, 1.56% African American, 1.56% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.
There were 553 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,290, and the median income for a family was $40,313. Males had a median income of $28,854 versus $19,861 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,678. About 9.9% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.