Cassadaga (a Seneca Indian word meaning “Water beneath the rocks”) is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The village is located within the northeast corner of the town of Stockton, east of the hamlet of Stockton, south of and immediately adjacent to Lily Dale in the town of Pomfret, and north of the village of Sinclairville. As of the 2010 census, the population of Cassadaga was 634.
Cassadaga is located on the northwestern edge of the Allegheny Plateau in western New York at 42°20’29” north, 79°18’56” west (42.341343, -79.315653) at an elevation of about 1,340 feet (410 m) above sea level. The village is located at the south end of Lower Cassadaga Lake, Lily Dale being located on the east shore of Upper Cassadaga Lake, with a narrow “Middle Lake” connecting them. The mainly spring-fed lakes drain into Cassadaga Creek, running south and connecting to Conewango Creek, the Allegheny River, the Ohio River, and the Mississippi River flowing to the Gulf of Mexico, despite getting their start just 10 miles (16 km) south and east of Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes, which drain via the Saint Lawrence River east to the Atlantic Ocean. The watershed divide is located less than 2 miles (3 km) north of the village.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Cassadaga has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.7 km), of which 0.85 square miles (2.2 km) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km), or 20.59%, is water.
The soils are glacial in nature, ranging from deep gravel loams in the valleys to heavy clays on the hill tops. Springs are fairly common, though somewhat high in mineral content (calcium, sulphur and iron, depending greatly on location).
New York State Route 60, the principal north-south route through Chautauqua County, runs through the village and intersects with U.S. Route 20 7 miles (11 km) to the north at Fredonia, the New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) 8.5 miles (13.7 km) to the north at Dunkirk, and Interstate 86 17 miles (27 km) to the south at Jamestown.
As of the census of 2000, there were 676 people, 277 households, and 186 families residing in the village. The population density was 766.3 people per square mile (296.6/km²). There were 315 housing units at an average density of 357.1 per square mile (138.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.89% White, 0.30% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 1.04% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.66% of the population.
Of the 277 village households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.
The ages of population are well spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $43,359, and the median income for a family was $52,500. Males had a median income of $32,083 versus $21,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,361. About 1.6% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 Census, the population was 634 (a decrease of 42 people or 6.21%) and there was 267 households (a decrease of 10 households or 3.61%). The population density of the village was 704.4 people per square mile (275.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was: 98.27% (623 people) white; 0.16% (1 person) African-American; 0.32% (2 people) Asian; 0.16% (1 person) Native American/Alaskan; and 1.10% (7 people) of two or more races. Out of the whole population, 0.79% (5 people) were of Hispanic/Latino origin.
The ages of the population are 21.92% (139 people) under the age of 18; 2.37% (15 people) ages 18 and 19; 4.89% (31 people) ages 20–24; 7.73% (49 people) ages 25–34; 19.24% (122 people) ages 35–49; 24.13% (153 people) ages 50–64; and 19.72% (125 people) over the age of 65. Of the population, 50.16% (318 people) were male and 49.84% (316 people) were female.
There are two churches in the village proper, one Catholic and the other Baptist, reflecting the religious heritages of the early area settlers, though there are Amish and Mennonites in the immediate area and those of other beliefs as well. The Catholic church has reduced its services, now being used rarely.
The village and environs are served by a volunteer fire department and ambulance squad, and are part of the County Mutual Aid Plan.