Castleton-on-Hudson is a village located in the southwestern part of the town of Schodack in Rensselaer County, New York. The population was 1,473 at the 2010 census. The village is southeast of Albany, New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km), all of it land.
The village is on the east bank of the Hudson River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,619 people, 615 households, and 399 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,025.5 people per square mile (781.4/km²). There were 654 housing units at an average density of 818.2 per square mile (315.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.79% White, 1.36% African American, 0.25% Asian, 0.93% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population.
There were 615 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the village, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $44,141, and the median income for a family was $51,957. Males had a median income of $36,019 versus $26,976 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,660. About 2.5% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Castleton-On-Hudson New York neighborhoods include: Castleridge, Maple Hill Rd, S Schodack/Western Rd, Stoney Point – Jensis Rd, Sunset Hills / Miller Rd