Caton is a town in Steuben County, New York, United States. The population was 2,179 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Richard Caton.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.0 square miles (98 km), of which, 37.8 square miles (98 km) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km) of it (0.47%) is water.
The first permanent settler arrived around 1819.
The south town line is the border of Pennsylvania (Tioga County) and the east town line is the border of Chemung County (Town of Southport).
New York State Route 225 passes through the northeast of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,097 people, 770 households, and 595 families residing in the town. The population density was 55.5 people per square mile (21.4/km²). There were 819 housing units at an average density of 21.7 per square mile (8.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.90% White, 1.00% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.
There were 770 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $45,875, and the median income for a family was $50,052. Males had a median income of $33,594 versus $27,391 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,612. About 6.1% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
The 1890 population was 1,445.