Central Square is a village in Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 1,848 at the 2010 census.
Central Square is located at 43°17′3″N 76°8′46″W / 43.28417°N 76.14611°W / 43.28417; -76.14611 (43.284082, -76.146004).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km), all of it land.
The Central Square School District is a part of the village of Central Square.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,646 people, 752 households, and 430 families residing in the village. The population density was 888.2 people per square mile (343.5/km²). There were 796 housing units at an average density of 429.5 per square mile (166.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.06% White, 0.61% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population.
There were 752 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the village, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $31,875, and the median income for a family was $45,441. Males had a median income of $34,583 versus $25,078 for females. The per capita income for the village was $20,946. About 8.6% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.
Central Square New York neighborhoods include: Central Square, Hastings Border, Little France, Palermo