Cicero is a town in Northern Onondaga County, New York, United States. The population was 31,632 at the 2010 census. The name of the town was assigned by a clerk interested in the classics, honoring Cicero, a Roman statesman.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.5 square miles (126 km), of which, 48.5 square miles (126 km) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it (0.10%) is water.
The north town line of Cicero, marked by the Oneida River is the border of Oswego County. The east town line is the border of Madison County, marked by the Chittenango Creek.
At the Northern border of Cicero is Oneida Lake, one of the largest bodies of water located within New York State. Also within Cicero is a fairly large swamp named Cicero Swamp. Cicero consists of mainly wetland, forests, farms and a large and growing number of housing developments encroaching on farmland. The soils are mostly brown silt loams and loams with slight to moderate acidity in surface layers (subsoils may be somewhat alkaline); their drainage varies.
U.S. Route 11, Interstate 81, Interstate 481, and New York State Route 31 pass through Cicero. New York State Route 298 intersects NY-31 near the east town line. Michael Airfield, a single runway general aviation airport, is located within Cicero.
The reconstructed Erie Canal follows the Oneida River along the north town line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 27,982 people, 10,538 households, and 7,692 families residing in the town. The population density was 577.4 people per square mile (222.9/km²). There were 11,033 housing units at an average density of 227.7 per square mile (87.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.31% White, 1.19% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.
There were 10,538 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,055, and the median income for a family was $57,531. Males had a median income of $41,038 versus $26,983 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,527. About 3.9% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.