Clermont /ˈklɛərˌmɒnt/ is a town in Columbia County, New York, United States. The population was 1,965 at the 2010 census. The name of the town is French for “Clear Mountain”, referring to the mountain views in the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.2 square miles (49.7 km), of which 18.0 square miles (46.6 km) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km), or 6.23%, is water.
The south town line is the border of Dutchess County, and part of the west town line, marked by the Hudson River, is the border of Ulster County. The northeast border of the town follows the Roeliff Jansen Kill, a tributary of the Hudson River. The border formed by the kill is for much of its length quite close to the town’s southern border and then its border with the town of Germantown to the west, resulting in long, narrow extensions of the town to the southeast and north.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,726 people, 593 households, and 437 families residing in the town. The population density was 96.0 people per square mile (37.0/km²). There were 725 housing units at an average density of 40.3 per square mile (15.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.58% White, 1.27% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.72% of the population.
There were 593 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the town, the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,039, and the median income for a family was $51,012. Males had a median income of $35,526 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,566. About 6.4% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.