Crawford is a town in Orange County, New York, USA. The population was 9,316 at the 2010 census. The name comes from a settler who gave his name to a community in the hamlet now called Pine Bush.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104 km), of which, 40.1 square miles (104 km) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) of it (0.10%) is water.
The north town line is the border of Ulster County, New York, partly marked by the Shawangunk Kill, a small river.
NYS Route 52 and NYS Route 302 intersect in Pine Bush. NYS Route 17K crosses the south part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,875 people, 2,707 households, and 2,133 families residing in the town. The population density was 196.3 people per square mile (75.8/km²). There were 2,851 housing units at an average density of 71.1 per square mile (27.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.59% White, 1.19% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.13% of the population.
There were 2,707 households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the town, the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $57,063, and the median income for a family was $63,722. Males had a median income of $42,200 versus $30,763 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,614. About 2.7% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.