Cuyler is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 980 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.5 square miles (112.7 km), of which 0.031 square miles (0.08 km), or 0.07%, is water.
The north town line is the border of Onondaga County, and the east town line is the border of Madison and Chenango counties.
The East Branch of the Tioughnioga River flows southwest through the town. The entire town is within the watershed of the Susquehanna River.
New York State Route 13 is a northeast-southwest highway in Cuyler.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,036 people, 359 households, and 269 families residing in the town. The population density was 23.8 people per square mile (9.2/km²). There were 406 housing units at an average density of 9.3 per square mile (3.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.58% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.
There were 359 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.25.
In the town, the population was spread out with 30.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,023, and the median income for a family was $39,896. Males had a median income of $27,614 versus $21,316 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,111. About 10.3% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.
Cuyler New York neighborhoods include: Cortland, Forbes Corl Health Camp, Highland, Page Green Rd, Tompkins-Starr, Walden Pond