Dickinson is a town in Broome County, New York, United States. The population was 5,278 at the 2010 census. The town was named after Daniel S. Dickinson.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town of Dickinson has a total area of 4.9 square miles (12.6 km), of which 4.8 square miles (12.4 km) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km), or 2.15%, is water.
The town is divided by the Chenango River.
Interstate 81 joins Interstate 88 by the north town line. U.S. Route 11 passes across the south part of the town, turning north on the west side of the Chenango River. New York State Route 7 is a major north-south highway in the eastern part of Dickinson.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,335 people, 1,980 households, and 1,219 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,114.8 people per square mile (430.0/km²). There were 2,131 housing units at an average density of 445.3 per square mile (171.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.27% White, 4.20% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.82% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.
There were 1,980 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,996, and the median income for a family was $49,583. Males had a median income of $33,654 versus $25,699 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,246. About 4.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.