Durham is a town in Greene County, New York, United States. The population was 2,725 at the 2010 census. The town was named after Durham, Connecticut, and is in the northwest corner of Greene County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.3 square miles (128 km), of which 49.2 square miles (127 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km), or 0.04%, is water.
The north town line is the border of Albany County, and part of the west town line is the border of Schoharie County.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,725 people, 1,152 households, and 770 families residing in the town. The population density was 55.3 people per square mile (21.4/km²). There were 1,807 housing units at an average density of 36.7 per square mile (14.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.6% African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.
There were 1,152 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 34.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% of people the age of 19 or younger, 4.5% from 20 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older (555 people age 65 and older). The median age was 46 years. For every 100 males there were 98.2 females. For every 100 males age 18 and over, there were 99.3 females.
The 2014 American Community Survey reports that median income for a household in the town was $41,944, and the median income for a family was $59,655. About 10.5% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.