Earlville is a village in New York, United States. The population was 872 at the 2010 census. The village is named after Jonas Earl, a canal commissioner.
Earlville is located at 42°44′28″N 75°32′38″W / 42.74111°N 75.54389°W / 42.74111; -75.54389 (42.741079, -75.543827), positioned between the Chenango River to the west and the Sangerfield River, a tributary of the Chenango, to the east. The Chenango River is a south-flowing tributary of the Susquehanna River.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km). None of the area is covered with water.
New York State Route 12B, a north–south highway, passes through the center of the village as North and South Main Street. East and West Main Street crosses NY 12B, dividing the village between two counties (Madison and Chenango).
As of the census of 2000, there were 791 people, 298 households, and 219 families residing in the village. The population density was 729.4 people per square mile (282.8/km²). There were 329 housing units at an average density of 303.4 per square mile (117.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.99% White, 0.25% Asian, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.
There were 298 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the village, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $32,500, and the median income for a family was $33,654. Males had a median income of $27,381 versus $24,038 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,383. About 9.0% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.