Elbridge is a town in Onondaga County, New York, United States. The population was 5,922 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Elbridge Gerry, the fifth Vice President of the United States, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.3 square miles (99.2 km²), of which, 37.6 square miles (97.3 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it (1.85%) is water.
The west town line is the border of Cayuga County.
The Erie Canal/Seneca River system defines part of the north border of the town.
The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) crosses the north part of the town. New York State Route 317 is a north-south highway in Elbridge. New York State Route 5, in the south, and New York State Route 31, in the north, are east-west highways in the town. New York State Route 321 crosses the southeast part of Elbridge.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,091 people, 2,322 households, and 1,688 families residing in the town. The population density was 162.1 people per square mile (62.6/km²). There were 2,513 housing units at an average density of 66.9 per square mile (25.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.70% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population.
There were 2,322 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $41,444, and the median income for a family was $48,085. Males had a median income of $35,989 versus $25,763 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,682. About 6.0% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.