Elizabethtown is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,163 at the 2010 census. The county seat of Essex County is the hamlet of Elizabethtown, located in the northern part of the town. The name is derived from Elizabeth Gilliland, the wife of an early settler.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 83.1 square miles (215.3 km), of which 81.6 square miles (211.4 km) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.8 km), or 1.78%, is water.
The Black River, a north-flowing tributary of the Boquet River, marks part of the eastern town line.
Interstate 87, the Northway, is a major divided highway passing through the southeast part of Elizabethtown. There are no exits within the town limits; the closest access is from Exit 30 (US 9) just to the south in North Hudson and from Exit 31 (NY 9N) just to the east in Westport. U.S. Route 9 is a north-south highway. New York State Route 9N is an east-west highway, which intersects U.S. Route 9 in downtown Elizabethtown. The town is also in the Adirondack High Peaks region, and is 18 miles (29 km) from Mount Marcy, the highest point in the state.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,315 people, 497 households, and 318 families residing in the town. The population density was 16.1 people per square mile (6.2/km²). There were 794 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile (3.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.68% African American, 0.61% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.38% of the population.
There were 497 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,244, and the median income for a family was $44,531. Males had a median income of $28,295 versus $23,594 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,059. About 9.1% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.