Fayette is a town in Seneca County, New York, United States. The population was 3,929 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 66.5 square miles (172 km), of which, 55.2 square miles (143 km) of it is land and 11.3 square miles (29 km) of it (17.00%) is water.
The west town line is Seneca Lake, and the east town line is Cayuga Lake. The north town line is partly marked by the Seneca River, which is part of the Cayuga-Seneca Canal, linked to the Erie Canal system.
New York State Route 89, New York State Route 96, New York State Route 96A, and New York State Route 414 are all north-south highways through the town. New York State Route 336 is a short east-west highway between McDougall and Fayette.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,929 people, 1,535 households, and 1,114 families residing in the town. The population density was 71.2 people per square mile (27.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.7% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 1,535 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 20, 5.3% from 20 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $69,545, and the median income for a family was $75,441. Males had a median income of $47,659 versus $34,450 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,075. About 4.5% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.
There were 1,884 housing units at an average density of 34.1 per square mile (13.2/km²). 18.5% of housing units were vacant.
There were 1,535 occupied housing units in the town. 1,301 were owner-occupied units (84.8%), while 234 were renter-occupied (15.2%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 6.0%.
NOTE: It is common for resort communities to have higher than normal vacant house counts. Many are vacation homes which are seasonal and not regularly occupied.