Floyd is a town in Oneida County, New York, United States. The population was 3,819 at the 2010 census. The town is named after William Floyd, a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.8 square miles (90 km), of which, 34.6 square miles (90 km) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km) of it (0.46%) is water.
The Mohawk River defines the south town line. The town has rolling hills, ascending to the north, which reach an elevation is about 200–300 feet above the river. Nine Mile Creek, which flows through the southeast part of the town, was originally known as Te-ya-nun-sak, or Teyanunsoke, “a beech tree standing.”
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,869 people, 1,394 households, and 1,091 families residing in the town. The population density was 111.8 people per square mile (43.2/km²). There were 1,483 housing units at an average density of 42.9 per square mile (16.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 0.36% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.
There were 1,394 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no male present, and 21.7% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,192, and the median income for a family was $44,583. Males had a median income of $33,151 versus $22,718 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,405. About 2.8% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.