Greenfield is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 7,362 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Greenfield, New Hampshire. It is located northwest of Saratoga Springs, which it borders, and students living in Greenfield attend schools of the Saratoga Springs City School District.
Greenfield is the largest town in the county, based on area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.7 square miles (175 km), of which, 67.4 square miles (175 km) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km) of it (0.46%) is water.
Route 9N, a north-south highway, passes through east part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,362 people, 2,761 households, and 2,007 families residing in the town. The population density was 109.2 people per square mile (42.2/km²). There were 3,222 housing units at an average density of 47.8 per square mile (18.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.45% White, 0.65% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.
There were 2,761 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,784, and the median income for a family was $48,299. Males had a median income of $35,112 versus $27,127 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,014. About 4.3% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
Greenfield New York neighborhoods include: Greenfield Center, Locust Grove, Palmertown, Wilton Roadies