Groveland is a town in Livingston County, New York, United States. The population was 3,249 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.9 square miles (103 km), of which, 39.2 square miles (102 km) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km) of it (1.85%) is water.
Conesus Lake, one of the Finger Lakes, forms part of the eastern boundary.
Interstate 390 passes north-to-south through the town. New York State Route 36, New York State Route 63, and New York State Route 256 are north-south highways through the town. New York State Route 408 is a highway terminating in the western part of the town at NY-63.
Groveland is on the Rochester-to-Dansville line of the Rochester & Southern Railroad. From 1882-1963, Groveland was on the Main Line of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad (DL&W) and successor Erie-Lackawanna Railroad. In 1963, the Main Line over Dansville Hill from Groveland to Wayland was abandoned by order of the U. S. Interstate Commerce Commission to promote highway usage. That portion of today’s R&S line west and north of Groveland was originally part of the DL&W, while that portion between Groveland and Dansville was part of the Dansville and Mount Morris Railroad and predecessors.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,853 people, 555 households, and 396 families residing in the town. The population density was 98.4 people per square mile (38.0/km²). There were 649 housing units at an average density of 16.6 per square mile (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 60.06% White, 32.44% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 6.46% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.23% of the population.
There were 555 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town, the population was spread out with 9.9% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 54.2% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 411.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 529.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,797, and the median income for a family was $48,828. Males had a median income of $24,353 versus $26,477 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,433. About 7.7% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.