Humphrey is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 687 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Charles Humphrey, who at the time of the town’s founding was Speaker of the New York State Assembly.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.1 square miles (96.2 km), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km), or 0.05%, is water.
New York State Route 98 crosses the northwest corner of the town. Humphrey is primarily served by county roads, namely Routes 18, 19, and 51.
As of the census of 2000, there were 721 people, 263 households, and 186 families residing in the town. The population density was 19.7 people per square mile (7.6/km²). There were 457 housing units at an average density of 12.5 per square mile (4.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.23% White, 0.97% African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.69% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 263 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,313, and the median income for a family was $35,795. Males had a median income of $27,768 versus $20,326 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,874. About 9.2% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.