Jasper is a town located in Steuben County, New York. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 1,270. The name is that of a military hero at Fort Moultrie, William Jasper.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 52.7 square miles (136 km), of which, 52.7 square miles (136 km) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.
New York State Route 417, an east-west highway, is briefly joined with New York State Route 36, a north-south highway, near Jasper village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,270 people, 403 households, and 324 families residing in the town. The population density was 24.1 people per square mile (9.3/km²). There were 521 housing units at an average density of 9.9 per square mile (3.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.27% White, 0.31% African American, 0.00% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 403 households out of which 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.51.
In the town, the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,393, and the median income for a family was $35,962. Males had a median income of $28,375 versus $21,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,194. 20.6% of the population and 15.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 30.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
The area also has a significant Amish population.