Jerusalem is a town in Yates County, New York in the United States. The population was 4,469 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the ancient city of Jerusalem.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 65.4 square miles (169 km), of which, 58.9 square miles (153 km) of it is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km) of it (9.97%) is water.
The south town line is the border of Steuben County. The town contains parts of each branch of Keuka Lake.
New York State Route 54A crosses the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,525 people, 1,606 households, and 1,117 families residing in the town. The population density was 76.8 people per square mile (29.7/km²). There were 2,523 housing units at an average density of 42.8 per square mile (16.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.39% White, 0.55% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.
There were 1,606 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 18.7% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,488, and the median income for a family was $45,254. Males had a median income of $31,071 versus $25,115 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,099. About 6.6% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.