Lake Pleasant is a town in Hamilton County, New York, United States. The population was 781 at the 2010 census. It contains the hamlet of Lake Pleasant, the county seat of Hamilton County.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 198.0 square miles (512.8 km), of which 188.0 square miles (486.9 km) are land and 10.0 square miles (25.9 km), or 5.05%, are water.
New York State Route 8, an east-west highway, and New York State Route 30, a north-south highway, intersect at the “Four Corners” in the village of Speculator.
The Sacandaga River, a tributary of the Hudson River, flows out through the eastern border of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 876 people, 388 households, and 256 families residing in the town. The population density was 4.7 people per square mile (1.8/km²). There were 1,429 housing units at an average density of 7.6 per square mile (2.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.49% White, 1.03% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.80% from other races, and 0.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population.
There were 388 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.70.
In the town, the population was spread out with 18.6% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $31,467, and the median income for a family was $39,766. Males had a median income of $28,523 versus $23,194 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,259. Below the poverty line were 7.1% of people, 5.2% of families, 10.8% of those under 18 and 3.6% of those over 64.