Leon is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 1,365 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from the former Kingdom of León in Spain, though it is pronounced like the American first name, “LEE-un”. The town is on the western border of the county, northwest of the city of Salamanca.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.2 square miles (93.8 km), of which 0.027 square miles (0.07 km), or 0.07%, is water.
The west town line is the border of Chautauqua County.
Conewango Creek, a tributary of the Allegheny River, crosses the northwest part of the town, and Mud Creek flows through the south part of the town.
U.S. Route 62 is a major north-south highway through the western part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,380 people, 378 households, and 289 families residing in the town. The population density was 38.1 people per square mile (14.7/km²). There were 464 housing units at an average density of 12.8 per square mile (4.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.13% White, 0.07% Native American, 0.14% Asian, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.
There were 378 households out of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.64 and the average family size was 4.30.
In the town, the population was spread out with 42.3% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,333, and the median income for a family was $32,946. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $22,266 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,189. About 26.1% of families and 35.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 50.2% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.
An estimated 76% of the population of Leon are members of the Old Order Amish, a factor in the town’s continued population growth since the middle of the 20th century, a rarity in a county where population has otherwise been in general decline.