Malone is a town in Franklin County, New York, United States. The population was 14,545 at the 2010 census. The town contains a village also named Malone, which is the county seat. The town is an interior town located in the north-central part of the county.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 102.8 square miles (266.3 km), of which 101.5 square miles (262.9 km) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.3 km), or 1.25%, is water.
U.S. Route 11 and New York State Route 11B are east-west highways across the town, and New York State Route 30 and New York State Route 37 are north-south highways.
The Salmon River flows northward through the center of town, and the Trout River flows across the northeast corner.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,981 people, 4,114 households, and 2,620 families residing in the town. The population density was 147.1 people per square mile (56.8/km²). There were 4,644 housing units at an average density of 45.6 per square mile (17.6/km²). The ethnic makeup of the town was 73.61% White, 18.56% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 6.25% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.19% of the population. Malone, New York has a far more diverse demographic profile compared to the surrounding region, due to hosting multiple state correctional facilities, which house prisoners from the entirety of New York. Malone also hosts the county correctional facility for Franklin County.
There were 4,114 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the town, the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 42.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 179.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 201.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $27,716, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $25,996 versus $20,506 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,352.
According to the Census 2017 ACS 5Year Estimates, the poverty rate in Malone is 24%. The child poverty rate is 31%. (A previous statistic here said the poverty rate was only 8%).