Mansfield is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 808 at the 2010 census. The name was thought to be that of a noble family in England.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104.0 km), of which 40.1 square miles (103.9 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km), or 0.08%, is water.
The town is primarily served by county roads. Cattaraugus County Route 14 (Toad Hollow Road) runs from south to north through the town, while Cattaraugus County Route 13 (Maples Road) runs west to east in the northern part of the town, and County Route 15 (Dublin Road) runs along the southern part of the town. New York State Route 242 passes across the southeast corner of the town and New York State Route 353 through a small portion of the southwest corner.
Mansfield Creek flows across the north part of the town, and Little Valley Creek crosses the southwest corner. The two creeks follow a similar path in opposite directions, separated by the Saint Lawrence River Divide.
As of the census of 2000, there were 800 people, 305 households, and 234 families residing in the town. The population density was 20.2 people per square mile (7.8/km²). There were 540 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.88% White, 0.12% (one person) African American, 0.75% (six people) Native American, 0.12% (one person) Asian, and 0.12% (one person) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 305 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,420, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $27,614 versus $24,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,700. About 6.3% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.
Much of Mansfield north of Five Points is agricultural land, with several farms (some of them Amish) in the area.