Marcy is a town in Oneida County, New York, United States. The population was 8,982 at the 2010 census. The town was named after Governor William L. Marcy. It lies between the cities of Rome and Utica. The Erie Canal passes through the southern part of the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.4 square miles (87 km), of which, 33.0 square miles (85 km) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km) of it (1.35%) is water.
The Mohawk River defines the south town line.
The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes through the southeast corner of the town.
The Erie Canal (also known as the Barge Canal) passes through the south end of the town, running along River Road, with Lock 20 Canal Park just east of the Route 291 bridge lying on the canal.
SUNY Polytechnic Institute is located on 700 acres northwest of the intersection of the North-South Arterial (NY 8 and NY 12) and NY 49.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,469 people, 2,003 households, and 1,526 families residing in the town. The population density was 287.2 people per square mile (110.9/km²). There were 2,073 housing units at an average density of 62.9 per square mile (24.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 68.42% White, 22.20% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.55% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.02% of the population.
There were 2,003 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 13.2% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 44.7% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 242.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 276.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,180, and the median income for a family was $54,231. Males had a median income of $30,943 versus $25,044 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,182. About 3.7% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.