Maryland is a town in Otsego County, New York, United States. The population was 1,897 at the 2010 census. It was named for the U.S. state of the same name. The Town of Maryland is on the county’s south border. It is northeast of the City of Oneonta.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.9 square miles (134 km), of which, 51.8 square miles (134 km) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it (0.21%) is water. Interstate 88 and New York State Route 7 follows the east to west course of the Schenevus Creek. South Hill, an upland area, is partly in the southeast quadrant of the town. The south town line is the border of Delaware County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,920 people, 773 households, and 531 families residing in the town. The population density was 37.1 people per square mile (14.3/km²). There were 1,035 housing units at an average density of 20.0 per square mile (7.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.80% White, 0.16% African American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.
There were 773 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,821, and the median income for a family was $39,020. Males had a median income of $27,245 versus $20,898 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,120. About 9.4% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.