Mechanicville is a city in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population is 5,196 as of the 2010 census. It is the smallest city by area in the state. The name is derived from the occupations of early residents.
Mechanicville is located at 42°54′14″N 73°41′26″W / 42.90389°N 73.69056°W / 42.90389; -73.69056 (42.903922, -73.690458).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km), of which, 0.8 square miles (2.1 km) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km) of it (8.79%) is water. The city of Mechanicville is on the west bank of the Hudson River at the influx of the Anthony Kill. US Route 4, and conjoined New York State Route 32 are north-south highways through Mechanicville. New York State Route 67 intersects NY-32 and US-4 in the city. County Roads 75 and 1345 also lead into the city.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,019 people, 2,219 households, and 1,275 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,028.4 people per square mile (2,334.8/km²). There were 2,386 housing units at an average density of 2,865.8 per square mile (1,109.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.95% White, 0.36% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.
There were 2,219 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,509, and the median income for a family was $42,143. Males had a median income of $32,825 versus $25,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,236. About 6.5% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.
Mechanicville New York neighborhoods include: Columbus to Dewey, Fairways of Halfmoon, Freeway, Halfmoon Clifton Park, Harvest/Summit/Prospect/Howland, Hemstreet Park, Howland Park, Hudson River Road, Kingsbrook, Malta Gardens, Mechanicville, Quiet, Clean and Friendly, Rolling Hills, Turning Point, Vosburgh Road area