Mexico is a village located in the Town of Mexico in Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 1,624 at the 2010 census. The village is located along New York State Routes 3, 69, and 104.
Mexico is located at 43°27′51″N 76°14′4″W / 43.46417°N 76.23444°W / 43.46417; -76.23444 (43.464173, -76.234643).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²).None of the area is covered with water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,572 people, 652 households, and 427 families residing in the village. The population density was 735.1 people per square mile (283.6/km²). There were 721 housing units at an average density of 337.1/sq mi (130.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.28% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.
There were 652 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the village, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87 males. For every 100 females age 18 and under, there were 83 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $35,761, and the median income for a family was $41,696. Males had a median income of $39,306 versus $23,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,227. About 9.4% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.