Mexico is a town in the northeast part of Oswego County, New York, United States. The population was 5,197 at the 2010 census. The town contains a village also named Mexico. It is the home of Lady Hubbell
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.0 square miles (121.7 km²), of which, 46.3 square miles (120.0 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (1.34%) is water. The northwest part of the town borders Lake Ontario.
As of the census in the year 2000, there were 5,181 people, 1,934 households, and 1,388 families residing in the town. The population density was 111.8 people per square mile (43.2/km²). There were 2,211 housing units at an average density of 47.7 per square mile (18.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.15% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 1,934 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town, the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $42,773, and the median income for a family was $46,852. Males had a median income of $38,250 versus $22,183 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,498. About 9.0% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.