Middleburgh is a town in Schoharie County, New York, United States. The population was 3,515 at the 2000 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.3 square miles (127.6 km²), of which, 49.2 square miles (127.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.16%) is water.
The east town line is the border of Albany County.
The Schoharie Creek flows through the central part of the town and is increased by the Little Schoharie Creek and Stony Creek by Middleburgh village.
The most prominent geological feature near the town is Vroman’s Nose which is actually in the adjoining town of Fulton and is a popular hiking destination.
New York State Route 30 intersects New York State Route 145 at Middleburgh village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,515 people, 1,383 households, and 945 families residing in the town. The population density was 71.4 people per square mile (27.6/km²). There were 1,676 housing units at an average density of 34.1 per square mile (13.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.75% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.88% of the population.
There were 1,383 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,063, and the median income for a family was $42,056. Males had a median income of $30,203 versus $23,448 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,560. About 11.5% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.