Moravia is a town in Cayuga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,626 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.7 square miles (76.8 km), of which 28.9 square miles (74.8 km) is land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km), or 2.54%, is water.
Moravia is at the south end of Owasco Lake, and the Owasco Inlet flows northward through the town to the lake. Mill Creek flows into the Owasco Inlet at Moravia village.
New York State Route 38 joins New York State Route 38A at Moravia village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,040 people, 1,003 households, and 685 families residing in the town. The population density was 139.3 people per square mile (53.8/km²). There were 1,198 housing units at an average density of 41.3 per square mile (15.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.30% White, 21.39% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 5.35% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.98% of the population.
There were 1,003 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town, the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 42.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 202.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 237.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,081, and the median income for a family was $43,493. Males had a median income of $32,919 versus $23,264 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,847. About 5.5% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.