Napoli is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. It is located in the western half of the county, northwest of Salamanca. The only permanent community in the town is Napoli village, formerly “Napoli Corners”. The population was 1,248 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.6 square miles (94.7 km), of which 36.4 square miles (94.2 km) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km), or 0.46%, is water.
New York State Route 242 is a northeast-southwest major highway in the town. County Route 7 (Pigeon Valley Road) moves from east to west across the northern part of the town; County Route 10 (Hardscrabble Road / Farm to Market Road) runs north to south through the middle of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,159 people, 376 households, and 292 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.8 people per square mile (12.3/km²). There were 541 housing units at an average density of 14.9 per square mile (5.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.46% White, 0.43% African American, 1.38% Native American, 0.86% Asian, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.26% of the population.
There were 376 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.1% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the town, the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,839, and the median income for a family was $37,692. Males had a median income of $26,411 versus $23,036 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,077. About 9.3% of families and 20.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.1% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.