New Albion is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York. The population was 1,972 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Albion in Orleans County, New York, the source of some early settlers. New Albion is in the northwest quadrant of the county, northwest of the city of Salamanca.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.8 square miles (92.8 km), of which 35.6 square miles (92.3 km) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km), or 0.54%, is water.
New York State Route 353 is an important north-south highway in the town, as is Cattaraugus County Route 5, which parallels Route 353 to the southwest. County Route 6 enters the town from the west, while County Route 12 enters from the northeast and County Route 10 enters from the south. County Route 76 (Lovers Lane Road) bypasses the village of Cattaraugus en route to Otto, but unstable ground makes that road unsuitable as a major thoroughfare.
Conewango Creek, a tributary of the Allegheny River and part of the Mississippi River watershed, flows out of the west part of the town, and the south branch of Cattaraugus Creek, which flows to Lake Erie and is part of the St. Lawrence River watershed, originates in the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,068 people, 808 households, and 547 families residing in the town. The population density was 56.9 people per square mile (22.0/km²). There were 1,005 housing units at an average density of 27.6 per square mile (10.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.74% White, 0.15% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.19% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population.
There were 808 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,917, and the median income for a family was $38,468. Males had a median income of $30,494 versus $24,554 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,841. About 7.0% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.