New Hudson is a town in Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 781 at the 2010 census. The town is on the west border of the county, northeast of Olean.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.3 square miles (94.1 km), of which 36.2 square miles (93.7 km) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km), or 0.34%, is water.
The west town line is the border of Cattaraugus County.
New York State Route 305 crosses the town, approximately parallelling Black Creek, a tributary of the Genesee River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 736 people, 268 households, and 198 families residing in the town. The population density was 20.3 people per square mile (7.8/km²). There were 436 housing units at an average density of 12.0 per square mile (4.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.37% White, 0.27% African American, 0.27% Native American, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.
There were 268 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the town, the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,859, and the median income for a family was $34,702. Males had a median income of $27,917 versus $18,542 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,319. About 12.8% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
New Hudson New York neighborhoods include: Austins, Greenport, Hudson, Mellenvile, US Route 9, Wortman Square