Nichols is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The town contains a village also called Nichols. The town is on the south border of both the county and the state. The town is halfway between Binghamton and Elmira. The population was 2,525 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Colonel Nichols, an early landowner.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.7 square miles (89.8 km²), of which, 33.7 square miles (87.3 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²) of it (2.77%) is water.
The Susquehanna River marks the north town line and the south town line is the state line of Pennsylvania.
The Southern Tier Expressway (New York State Route 17 and future Interstate 86) passes across the town south of the Susquehanna River. New York State Route 282 connects NY-17 to the Pennsylvania state line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,584 people, 966 households, and 723 families residing in the town. The population density was 76.7 people per square mile (29.6/km²). There were 1,033 housing units at an average density of 30.7 per square mile (11.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.03% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.
There were 966 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,372, and the median income for a family was $38,558. Males had a median income of $30,824 versus $22,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,728. About 9.8% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.