North Elba is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 8,957 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the island of Elba.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 156.4 square miles (405.0 km), of which 151.7 square miles (392.8 km) is land and 4.7 square miles (12.3 km), or 3.03%, is water.
Some of the High Peaks of the Adirondack Park are in the south part of town. The West Branch of the Au Sable River flows out the northeast corner of the town.
The west town line is the border of Franklin County.
New York State Route 73 and New York State Route 86 are east-west highways in the town that intersect at Lake Placid village.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,661 people, 2,944 households, and 1,675 families residing in the town. The population density was 57.0 people per square mile (22.0/km²). There were 3,991 housing units at an average density of 26.3 per square mile (10.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.71% White, 10.10% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.51% of the population.
There were 2,944 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town, the population was spread out with 17.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 39.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 146.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 158.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,329, and the median income for a family was $44,828. Males had a median income of $27,787 versus $23,356 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,259. About 7.3% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.