Nunda (pronounced “none-day”) is a town in Livingston County, New York, United States. The population was 3,064 at the 2010 census. Nunda welcomes each visitor with signs stating, “Welcome to Nunda, A Nice Place To Live.” The name is derived from Nunda-wa-ono, the name given to it by a group of the Seneca Indian tribe that once lived in the hills and valleys along the Genesee river and Keshequa stream within the present-day Town of Nunda. In the Seneca language, “Nunda” relates to hills and a popular translation is “Where the valley meets the hills”.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.1 square miles (96.1 km²), of which, 37.1 square miles (96.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.08%) is water.
The south town line is the border of Allegany County.
New York State Route 436, east-west, intersects New York State Route 408, north-south, at Nunda village. New York State Route 70 crosses the south part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,017 people, 1,131 households, and 842 families residing in the town. The population density was 81.4 people per square mile (31.4/km²). There were 1,298 housing units at an average density of 35.0 per square mile (13.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.88% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.
There were 1,131 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $40,665, and the median income for a family was $44,677. Males had a median income of $32,483 versus $22,660 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,604. About 5.3% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.